Electrolytes

Electrolytes

Hyponatremia

  1. Halterman R, Berl T: Therapy of dysnatremic disorders. In: Brady H, Wilcox C, ed. Therapy in Nephrology and Hypertension, Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1999:257-269.
  2. Nguyen MK, Ornekian V, Butch AW, et al: A new method for determining plasma water content: Application in pseudohyponatremia. Am J Physiol 2007; 292:F1652-F1656.
  3. Sterns RH, Silver SM: Cerebral salt wasting versus SIADH: What difference?. J Am Soc Nephrol 2008; 19:194-196.
  4. Steele A, Gowrishankar M, Abrahamson S, et al: Postoperative hyponatremia despite near-isotonic saline infusion: A phenomenon of desalination. Ann Intern Med 1997; 126:20-25.
  5. Miller M: Hyponatremia: Age related risk factors and therapy decisions. Geriatrics 1998; 53:32-33.37-38, 41-42
  6. Ellison DH, Berl T: Clinical practice. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:2064-2072
  7. Furst H, Hallows KR, Post J, et al: The urine/plasma electrolyte ratio: A predictive guide to water restriction. Am J Med Sci 2000; 319:240-244
  8. Berl T: Impact of solute intake on urine flow and water excretion. J Am Soc Nephrol 2008; 6:1076-1078.
  9. Rossi J, Bayram M, Udelson JE, et al: Improvement in hyponatremia during hospitalization for worsening heart failure is associated with improved outcomes: Insights from the Acute and Chronic Therapeutic Impact of a Vasopressin Antagonist in Chronic Heart Failure (ACTIV h CHF) trial. Acute Card Care 2007; 9:82-86.
  10. Perianayagam A, Sterns RH, Silver SM, et al: DDAVP is effective in preventing and reversing inadvertent overcorrection of hyponatremia. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2008; 3:331-336 Download.

 



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